S E M I N A R IDepartament d'Astronomia i Astrofísica
Universitat de València
Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov Instabilities in Relativistic Hydrodynamic Jets
Astrophysical Big Bang Laboratory, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan
Seminari del departament d'Astronomia i Astrofisica
Dijous 06 febrer 2014
We investigate the stability of relativistic jets using three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations. The propagation of relativistic flow that is continuously injected from the boundary of computational domain into a uniform ambient medium is solved. An intriguing finding in our study is that Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov type instabilities grow at the interface between the jet and ambient medium as a result of spontaneously induced radial oscillating motion. It is powered by in-situ energy conversion between the thermal and bulk kinetic energies. From complementary two-dimensional simulations of transverse structure of the jet, we find the effective inertia ratio of the jet to the surrounding medium determines a threshold for the onset of instabilities. The mixing between light faster jet and slow heavier external matters due to these instabilities causes the deceleration of the jet.